September 4, 2020 | 10:01 am
Our lungs play a major role in our respiratory system. Its main function is to supply the needed oxygen of every organ in our body and to get rid of carbon dioxide.
Our lungs have its own defense system and is also self-cleaning. However, it is still possible to have a lung disorder or lung disease.
Asthma is a lung condition where airway narrowing occurs due to swelling of the lining or mucosa, sputum production and construction of the smooth muscle surrounding it as a response to a trigger such as allergens (dust, pollen, insects, animal dander, etc.) This could result into coughing, wheezing and shortness of breath.
It is a bacterial or a viral main airway infection. In acute cases, the infection can spread into the lungs.
Also called chronic bronchitis, this may be caused by air pollution, chemicals, smoking or genetic condition.
COPD gets worse over time and may lead to disability and even death.
It is an infection of bronchioles and alveoli. This may cause difficulty in breathing because of the pus and mucus build-up and swelling of the lungs. This can happen to anyone, but children, elderly, smokers and ill people are at a higher risk of acquiring this infection.
It is a bacterial infection spread through droplets from a cough or a sneeze. It can be serious and may lead to lung scarring.
Lung diseases may require going through series of tests in order to know its origin and condition, and for treatment and monitoring.
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If you think you may have a medical emergency, call your doctor, go to the emergency department, or call your local emergency hotline immediately.